Starting a city-to-city cooperation

Cities in the Member States of the European Union who wish to exchange with a city facing similar challenges in another global region can benefit from the International Urban Cooperation (IUC) city-to-city cooperation programme on sustainable urban development. The programme aims to foster links between EU cities and those in Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and North America. Through the programme, local leaders will be able to connect and gain new perspectives on pressing sustainable development issues.

Successful candidates will be paired with an international city that faces related challenges, allowing both parties to cooperate, build connections and share knowledge. Representatives from each city will take part in study tours, staff exchanges, trainings and seminars, etc. and will develop together a Local Action Plan to drive sustainable urban development in the selected area.

By joining the IUC city-to-city cooperation, your city will:

  • COMMIT – Cooperate for at least 18 months with your international peers, allocate resources and time to develop a successful cooperation which will last beyond the lifetime of this programme
  • LEARN – Get access to new ways of approaching challenges and benefit from a wider pool of good practices to draw upon; receive support in identifying innovative business models for financing local action
  • SHARE – Help others to solve issues by sharing your own experiences and relaying knowledge
  • EXCHANGE – Open your city to dialogue and partnership with new global peers, and relevant stakeholders (public and private)
  • SHOWCASE – Profile your best practices and achievements internationally
  • IMPLEMENT – Work with new partners to make your vision of sustainable urban development a reality through developing a Local Action Plan for sustainable urban development in a sector of your choice

Interested cities are encouraged to refer to our FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions), as well as scrolling down below to see current pairings from the 2017 calls and the conditions regarding applicant cities’ commitment and eligibility. For further information, you may also contact

The 2018 call for EU cities to apply has already closed (on March 19th). If you wish to receive regular updates on IUC and its global activities, please join the IUC mailing list by writing to



City-to-city pairings

Through the IUC programme, cities and regions across Europe have entered into partnerships on sustainable development with counterparts from around the globe. For a full list of pairings so far, see the table below:

EU CityCountryPaired CityCountryTopics
Agii Anargiri-KamateroGreeceZhengzhouChinamobility, trade, innovation
Barnsley Metropolitan Borough CouncilUnited KingdomLiuzhouChinasmart cities, education, jobs and skills
BurgasBulgariaShantouChinaport, logistics
GranadaSpainKunmingChinasmart cities and biotechnologies 
MálagaSpainJingyueChinatransport, smart cities, urban development, innovation
MannheimGermanyChongqingChinasmart production, innovation, medtech, elderly
Métropole Nice Côte d'AzurFranceHaikouChinahealthy and smart cities
PragueCzech RepublicLongyanChinaurban development, innovation, elderly
Reggio-EmiliaItalyWeinanChinaurban rural nexus, sustainable agriculture, smart cities
RomeItalyYantaiChinasocial inclusion and smart cities
AarhusDenmarkUdaipurIndiawater and waste management
Metropolitan City of BolognaItalySouth Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC)Indiacircular economy
Métropole Clermont Auvergne FranceChennaiIndiasmart city development, including water management and urban mobility
Dubrovnik + Župa DubrovačkaCroatiaPanaji-GoaIndiamanagement of urban services under pressure from tourism activities
HamburgGermanyVijayawadaIndiaurban mobility and safe and inclusive urban development
KarlsruheGermanyNagpurIndiasmart cities
LeuvenBelgiumGwaliorIndiasmart cities
MurciaSpainSolapurIndiasmart cities, urban innovation and urban services delivery
RigaLatviaLucknowIndiasmart city development, urban mobility
RotterdamNetherlandsSuratIndiacity resilience strategies
VilniusLithuaniaKochiIndiaurban mobility and smart waste/water management
WolverhamptonUnited KingdomShimlaIndiawater and waste management, inclusive and sustainable economic growth
AnconaItalyIkomaJapanclean energy, social inclusion and healthy cities
BratislavaSlovakiaTokorozawaJapanclimate change adaptation, urban nature-based solutions and smart eco-city development
Donostia-San SebastiánSpainHirosakiJapanbuildings and site regeneration
EssenGermanyKoriyamaJapanclean technology and renewable energy
FrankfurtGermanyYokohamaJapansmart cities
Métropole Grenoble-AlpesFranceToyotaJapansmart cities
IoanninaGreeceIchinomyaJapansustainable mobility and transport
UmeåSwedenKamakuraJapansmart cities, social inclusion and the integration of SDGs
AlbaceteSpainRío GrandeArgentinawaste management
GenoaItalyRosarioArgentinasmart cities and clean energy
MadridSpainBuenos AiresArgentinaurban regeneration
Pavlos MelasGreeceSan JustoArgentinawater and waste management
Alba IuliaRomaniaBenedito NovoBrazilinclusive urban development and sustainable tourism
AlmadaPortugalBelo HorizonteBrazilsmart cities and economic growth
Santo TirsoPortugalAraripinaBrazilriver regeneration and nature-based solutions
SevillaSpainVitóriaBrazilwater and flood management
TorinoItalyConsórcio ABC (consortium of São Paulo municipalities)Brazilurban mobility and healthy cities
Viana do CasteloPortugalSão LeopoldoBrazilsmart  waste and water management
AlmeríaSpainArmeniaColombiagood governance approaches
BelfastUnited Kingdom Santiago de Cali + MedellínColombiapost-conflict urban development
Metropolitan Area of Styria/GrazAustriaIbaguéColombiasmart/healthy cities and urban mobility
PortoPortugalPereiraColombiasmart urban services for healthy cities and sustainable economic growth
MalmöSwedenOttawaCanadasmart cities and implementation of the SDGs
Manchester City CouncilUnited Kingdom                  MontréalCanadasmart cities, economic growth and social inclusion
ParmaItalyFrederictonCanadagender, social inclusion and economic development
RijekaCroatiaGuelphCanadasmart cities and energy
VäxjöSwedenBurlingtonCanadasustainable use of land, nature-based solutions and the implementation of the SDGs
Vitoria-GasteizSpainWindsorCanadasustainable use of land, nature-based solutions and climate mitigation
GalațiRomaniaColimaMexicoeconomic growth, sustainable development and climate change
HamburgGermanyMetropolitan Area of GuadalajaraMexicosmart cities and sustainable production and consumption
West Athens (Association for Development)GreeceMéridaMexicourban mobility
ZaragozaSpainChihuahuaMexicourban mobility
Metropolitan City of BolognaItalyAustin, TexasUSAsmart cities, climate adaptation and sustainable economic growth



What are European cities committing to?

Chosen cities must commit to cooperating intensively with their partner city for at least 18 months, and to share on their progress. Cities also agree to develop a sustainable urban development Local Action Plan on the identified knowledge sharing priority. After this period, cities commit to reporting on their progress and on concrete actions to be carried out in the future. Each city will sign a Partnership Agreement to this effect.

The Local Action Plans will follow a common methodology, in line with the EU-funded URBACT programme experience and should be developed through an inclusive multi-stakeholder process. Each city will develop its own Local Action Plan. The Local Action Plans must include activities and economically viable pilot projects that are capable of being realised in the short term, thereby opening up market opportunities and encouraging the involvement of EU research, businesses, other levels of government and the local community.

Participating cities will become part of a large community of peers and stakeholders engaging on sustainable urban development.

In order to ensure a successful exchange and roll-out of measures and actions, cities need to commit an adequate amount of time and resources to implement the work. These resources should be sufficient to the ambition of the actions planned. 

Measures and actions to be implemented will contribute to achieving the objectives of the UN 2030 Agenda Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the New Urban Agenda for the European Union, the Sendai Framework and the Paris Agreement, enhancing quality of life in urban areas.



Who can apply?

Mobilizing a critical mass of stakeholders and key partners is a crucial component for the successful development of a Local Action Plan. These actors should be included in a multi-level and multi-stakeholder (e.g. academia, business, etc.) partnership, through the planning, roll-out and implementation of the Local Action Plan. Cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants are encouraged to apply.

Groups of municipalities will also be eligible to apply, but only if their total population still exceeds 100,000 inhabitants and a clear administrative contact of the lead urban authority has been identified and provided, as well as the commitment of the others concerned.

Sub-national governments, such as regions and provinces, are invited to support cities applying, but they will not be considered eligible applicants themselves. Regions wishing to engage in sustainable development are invited to apply for the inter-regional cooperation on innovation for local and regional development programme.


For more information, please refer to our FAQ or contact